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Pinnacle

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  1. Provisions to consider for a resolution ((taken from the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea)) Duty to cooperate in the repression of piracy (1) All States shall cooperate to the fullest possible extent in the repression of piracy on the high seas or in any other place outside the jurisdiction of any State. Definition of piracy (2) Piracy consists of any of the following acts: (a) any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed: (i) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft; (ii) against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any State; (b) any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft; (c) any act of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in subparagraph (a) or (b). Definition of a pirate ship or aircraft. (3) A ship or aircraft is considered a pirate ship or aircraft if it is intended by the persons in dominant control to be used for the purpose of committing one of the acts referred to in article 101. The same applies if the ship or aircraft has been used to commit any such act, so long as it remains under the control of the persons guilty of that act. Retention or loss of the nationality of a pirate ship or aircraft (4) A ship or aircraft may retain its nationality although it has become a pirate ship or aircraft. The retention or loss of nationality is determined by the law of the State from which such nationality was derived. (5) Seizure of a pirate ship or aircraft On the high seas, or in any other place outside the jurisdiction of any State, every State may seize a pirate ship or aircraft, or a ship or aircraft taken by piracy and under the control of pirates, and arrest the persons and seize the property on board. The courts of the State which carried out the seizure may decide upon the penalties to be imposed, and may also determine the action to be taken with regard to the ships, aircraft or property, subject to the rights of third parties acting in good faith. Liability for seizure without adequate grounds (6) Where the seizure of a ship or aircraft on suspicion of piracy has been effected without adequate grounds, the State making the seizure shall be liable to the State the nationality of which is possessed by the ship or aircraft for any loss or damage caused by the seizure. Ships and aircraft which are entitled to seize on account of piracy (7) A seizure on account of piracy may be carried out only by warships or military aircraft, or other ships or aircraft clearly marked and identifiable as being on government service and authorized to that effect.
  2. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Official Media Mid-1946 Cairo—His Majesty the King ratified, on behalf of the People of Saudi Arabia, the Charter of the Commonwealth of Arab States. This Charter establishes a strong social, economic, and military union among the following Arab states: - Saudi Arabia - Syria - Transjordan - Iraq - the Lebanese Republic - Egypt - Yemen Further, the Charter aims to empower and support all Peoples of the Arab states, especially our friends in the Free State of Palestine. The KSA looks forward to serving, leading, and protecting our Commonwealth. View full article
  3. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Official Media Mid-1946 Cairo—His Majesty the King ratified, on behalf of the People of Saudi Arabia, the Charter of the Commonwealth of Arab States. This Charter establishes a strong social, economic, and military union among the following Arab states: - Saudi Arabia - Syria - Transjordan - Iraq - the Lebanese Republic - Egypt - Yemen Further, the Charter aims to empower and support all Peoples of the Arab states, especially our friends in the Free State of Palestine. The KSA looks forward to serving, leading, and protecting our Commonwealth.
  4. HIS MAJESTY Yakub bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Royal Address to the People of Saudi Arabia, 1946 _____ In the name of God, the All Mighty and All Merciful—Greetings: I am thankful to be accompanied by the King Father, His Royal Highness Abdulaziz Al Saud, and the Small Council of Saudi Arabia. I speak for the entire House of Al Saud when I say that we are honored to address such a thriving Kingdom! Throughout the course of our country’s great history, we have embraced the principles, the teachings, and the definition of “Islam”: peace. Peace that—as we learn—is not instinctive, but developed; that isn’t created by luck, but by careful craft and thorough consideration. Peace that relies on moral principles, on the freedom and dignity of human beings, and on cooperation among the freedom-loving peoples. It is of utmost importance that conflict among and upon the peaceful people of the world be terminated. The policies of domination by force and those that arouse disharmony are obsolete and indeed fruitless. They have caused a great deal of harm to humanity and have resulted frequently in a holocaust among the nations. They are the chief cause of cold war. They are the initiators of uprising and revolt. This year, Saudi Arabia commits to promoting freedom, self-determination, and peace both domestically and internationally. We plan to do this by globalizing our vast oil production gains, improving the social and economic circumstances of all Saudi citizens, and by empowering the Arab states, territories, and People to pursue liberty. My government will, further, continue to prioritize the prosperity of our great Kingdom. We will build our military’s land, sea, and air capabilities to improve the defense of ourselves and our allies; and we will extend educational opportunities to both men and women so that they may find work within our expanding economic complex. I look forward to a great year. Indeed, what is to come is better for you than what has gone by. May God bless you all. View full article
  5. HIS MAJESTY Yakub bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Royal Address to the People of Saudi Arabia, 1946 _____ In the name of God, the All Mighty and All Merciful—Greetings: I am thankful to be accompanied by the King Father, His Royal Highness Abdulaziz Al Saud, and the Small Council of Saudi Arabia. I speak for the entire House of Al Saud when I say that we are honored to address such a thriving Kingdom! Throughout the course of our country’s great history, we have embraced the principles, the teachings, and the definition of “Islam”: peace. Peace that—as we learn—is not instinctive, but developed; that isn’t created by luck, but by careful craft and thorough consideration. Peace that relies on moral principles, on the freedom and dignity of human beings, and on cooperation among the freedom-loving peoples. It is of utmost importance that conflict among and upon the peaceful people of the world be terminated. The policies of domination by force and those that arouse disharmony are obsolete and indeed fruitless. They have caused a great deal of harm to humanity and have resulted frequently in a holocaust among the nations. They are the chief cause of cold war. They are the initiators of uprising and revolt. This year, Saudi Arabia commits to promoting freedom, self-determination, and peace both domestically and internationally. We plan to do this by globalizing our vast oil production gains, improving the social and economic circumstances of all Saudi citizens, and by empowering the Arab states, territories, and People to pursue liberty. My government will, further, continue to prioritize the prosperity of our great Kingdom. We will build our military’s land, sea, and air capabilities to improve the defense of ourselves and our allies; and we will extend educational opportunities to both men and women so that they may find work within our expanding economic complex. I look forward to a great year. Indeed, what is to come is better for you than what has gone by. May God bless you all.
  6. Ambassador Hassan bin Mohammed Al Suwaiyel, Saudi Arabia Chair, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia thanks the representatives from Yugoslavia, Australia, and Turkey for their support of this very urgent resolution. This draft resolution underlines our commitment to global stability and peace, on both land and sea; and calls for greater international cooperation during this challenging time. The KSA urges all states to join us in supporting the Spanish Kingdom as they investigate the likely attack on its civilian naval vessel. It’s imperative that the Security Council address this crisis in the North Atlantic Ocean as soon as possible, and work towards building networks for lifelong, maritime peace. I second the motion for adoption by consensus, and yield.
  7. 1. Saudi Arabia 2. Spain 3. Yugoslavia 4. South Africa 5.
  8. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Official Media January 6, 1946 Riyadh—Master of Foreign Affairs, Prince Daniel bin Yakub, made the following remarks today concerning reports of rogue Nazi U-boats in the North Atlantic Ocean: “The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is troubled by reports of aggressive activity in the North Atlantic Ocean, and condemns all such actions which harm our allies. My Ministry has been in contact with the Kingdom of Spain, whose La Realeza vessel is the probable victim of a rogue-Nazi raid. Our Spanish friends have our total support as the international community addresses this crisis. The Kingdom’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Sheikh Hassan bin Mohammed Al Suwaiyel, has quickly responded to this maritime threat by introducing the Resolution Recommending Security Council Action on Alleged Rogue-Nazi Activity. This Yugoslavia-backed draft resolution, among other things, calls upon the Security Council to take immediate investigative and reconciliatory action. A copy is attached here; we urge all Member States to support our resolution.” This is a developing story. View full article
  9. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Official Media January 6, 1946 Riyadh—Master of Foreign Affairs, Prince Daniel bin Yakub, made the following remarks today concerning reports of rogue Nazi U-boats in the North Atlantic Ocean: “The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is troubled by reports of aggressive activity in the North Atlantic Ocean, and condemns all such actions which harm our allies. My Ministry has been in contact with the Kingdom of Spain, whose La Realeza vessel is the probable victim of a rogue-Nazi raid. Our Spanish friends have our total support as the international community addresses this crisis. The Kingdom’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Sheikh Hassan bin Mohammed Al Suwaiyel, has quickly responded to this maritime threat by introducing the Resolution Recommending Security Council Action on Alleged Rogue-Nazi Activity. This Yugoslavia-backed draft resolution, among other things, calls upon the Security Council to take immediate investigative and reconciliatory action. A copy is attached here; we urge all Member States to support our resolution.” This is a developing story.
  10. Spain has KSA’s full support. We introduced a UN resolution requesting immediate Security Council action.
  11. Resolution Recommending Security Council Action on Alleged Rogue-Nazi Activity Sponsors: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia The General Assembly, Expressing deep concern about reports of rogue Nazi U-boats engaging in predatory activity in the North Atlantic Ocean, Reaffirming its purpose under the Charter of the United Nations to maintain international peace and security, Acknowledging its right and duty under Article 11 of the Charter of the United Nations to “call the attention of the Security Council to situations which are likely to endanger international peace and security,” 1. Condemns all predatory maritime activities, 2. Acknowledges the need for further investigation into reports of rogue Nazi activity in the North Atlantic Ocean, 3. Reaffirms its commitment to protecting international peace, both on land and on sea, 4. Urges Member States to contribute to each other's common defense to the extent consistent with their political and economic capacity, 5. Requests that the Security Council take immediate action by assessing and reconciling any predatory activity caused by rogue Nazi actors, 6. Requests that the Secretary-General, within the next 100 days, report back to the General Assembly all developments—if any—relating its request in Operative Clause 5 of this resolution.
  12. Ambassador Hassan bin Mohammed Al Suwaiyel, Saudi Arabia Mr. President—fellow representatives: The delegation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is honored to be here today; and is eager to protect productive diplomacy, state sovereignty, and world peace as a member of the United Nations Security Council. We ask for your support in the upcoming vote. I yield.
  13. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Official Media January 2, 1946 Dhahran—All oil production within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is hereby nationalized. Today, the Deputy Master of Coin & Special Minister of Petroleum, Prince Masoud bin Khalifah, signed the Saudi Oil Nationalization Order which makes all oil the property of His Majesty effective 9 January 1946. Oil projects—including those by the American-owned ‘ARAMCO’—will be transferred to the Ministry of Coin, Energy, and State Resources as part of the new Saudi Oil Company. Deputy Prime Minister and Crown Prince Khalifah bin Yakub Al Saud made the following remarks concerning this move: “Under American control of our oil production, the Saudi Government received a small percentage of gross profits. Now, under the leadership of my son, Prince Masoud, 100% of profits will go to the Citizens of Saudi Arabia. I’m confident that the nationalization of our precious petroleum will bring with it great economic prosperity, energy independence, and diplomatic power.” A senior advisor to Prince Masoud bin Khalifah stated that representatives from the United States and concerned countries are invited to discuss new petroleum trade agreements. “The Saudi Oil Company will make all efforts to trade or sell our oil to needy nations at a fair and reasonable rate,” said the official. King Yakub bin Abdulaziz Al Saud has yet to comment on the nationalization of oil production, but is understood to be in favor of the Saudi Oil Nationalization Order. View full article
  14. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Official Media January 2, 1946 Dhahran—All oil production within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is hereby nationalized. Today, the Deputy Master of Coin & Special Minister of Petroleum, Prince Masoud bin Khalifah, signed the Saudi Oil Nationalization Order which makes all oil the property of His Majesty effective 9 January 1946. Oil projects—including those by the American-owned ‘ARAMCO’—will be transferred to the Ministry of Coin, Energy, and State Resources as part of the new Saudi Oil Company. Deputy Prime Minister and Crown Prince Khalifah bin Yakub Al Saud made the following remarks concerning this move: “Under American control of our oil production, the Saudi Government received a small percentage of gross profits. Now, under the leadership of my son, Prince Masoud, 100% of profits will go to the Citizens of Saudi Arabia. I’m confident that the nationalization of our precious petroleum will bring with it great economic prosperity, energy independence, and diplomatic power.” A senior advisor to Prince Masoud bin Khalifah stated that representatives from the United States and concerned countries are invited to discuss new petroleum trade agreements. “The Saudi Oil Company will make all efforts to trade or sell our oil to needy nations at a fair and reasonable rate,” said the official. King Yakub bin Abdulaziz Al Saud has yet to comment on the nationalization of oil production, but is understood to be in favor of the Saudi Oil Nationalization Order.
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